Submission Number: MBTL-EIS-0002323
Received: 11/18/2013 9:11:09 PM
Commenter: Stephanie Buffum
Organization: Friends of the San Juans
Agency: Cowlitz County, the Washington Department of Ecology, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Initiative: Millennium Bulk-Terminals Longview EIS
Attachments: No Attachments
IMPACTS OF OCEAN ACIDIFICATION
If oceanic biodiversity is important for the species we rely upon as a food source, it would seem illogical to continue to promote the use of fuels associated with physical and economic damages linked to atmospheric and oceanic changes.
Executive Order 12-07, Washington’s Response to Ocean Acidification, includes implementation of the recommendations of Governor Gregoire’s Blue Ribbon Panel on Ocean Acidification; the number one recommendation is to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide. The proposed Millennium Bulk Coal Export Terminal presents a direct contradiction to that Executive Order.
This EIS should include the potential biological, environmental, social, and economic consequences to the Pacific Northwest from burning the 44 million tons of coal to be shipped from this facility. The carbon dioxide and other green house gasses (GHG) contributions from burning coal shipped from the other two proposed Northwest coal export terminals need to be included. Only when all contributions are accounted for can the cumulative effects of regional coal shipments to Asia be adequately evaluated. The global accumulation of GHG’s impacting Washington State’s economy, and in particular our coastal marine species which depend upon healthy ecosystems, must be included in any appraisal of the consequences of burning native US coal anywhere in the world.
Please address the following impacts in the draft EIS for the MBTL:
1. What would be the economic cost to the shellfish industry in Washington State because of ocean acidification due to increased oceanic CO2 from the burning of the 44 million tons of coal proposed to be shipped from the MBTL and the additional millions of tons from the other proposed coal export terminals in the Pacific Northwest?
2. What would be the economic losses to the sea food and fishing industry, in terms of jobs and capital infrastructure, as a result of the decrease or loss of important species of marine food animals due to ocean acidification from GHG’s and CO2 contributed by burning coal and from the Millennium Terminal and the two other proposed northwest terminals?
3. What would be the economic costs to coastal communities of sea level rise due to climate change driven by the additional CO2, and other GHG’s produced from the burning of coal shipped from the Millennium Terminal and the other two terminals proposed in the Pacific Northwest?
4. What would be the economic costs of increased violence and size of storms due to the CO2 added to atmospheric and oceanic systems from Millennium coal burned in Asia and the other proposed Northwest coal terminals?
5. What economic losses would The Columbia River system sustain because of a decline, or loss, of tourist, commercial, and recreational fishing revenue due to decrease in salmon fisheries because of ocean acidification affecting the marine food web attributable to CO2 contributions from Millennium Terminal and the other proposed terminals?
6. What would be the cultural and socioeconomic losses to Native American Tribes of the region from a further decline in salmon populations due to ocean acidification by the additional CO2 contributions from the Millennium Terminal and the two other terminals proposed for the Pacific Northwest?
7. What would be the economic costs to San Juan County from the adverse impacts of ocean acidification on Chinook salmon? Since Chinook salmon are the main food source of the Endangered Southern Resident Killer (Orca) Whales, what would a decline in both their Salish Sea and Columbia River food supply mean for their survival?