Submission Number: MBTL-EIS-0002020
Received: 11/13/2013 5:02:12 PM
Commenter: Anne Winkes
Agency: Cowlitz County, the Washington Department of Ecology, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Initiative: Millennium Bulk-Terminals Longview EIS
Attachments: No Attachments
Subject: Docket number 2013-19738: Comment on scope of EIS for Millennium Bulk Terminals Longview LLC Coal Export Terminal
Dear U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, WA Department of Ecology, and Cowlitz County Commission,
I have lived in Washington state for the past 44 years. As a resident of the state of Washington, as a homeowner in the state Washington, as a mother who raised two sons in the state of Washington, as a grandmother with 2 grandchildren living in the state of Washington, and as a nurse practitioner who has cared for families for 30 plus years in the state of Washington, I would like to ask that the EIS please study the following significant adverse impacts of the proposed Millenium Bulk Logistics Coal Terminal in Longview, Washington.
First, the impact of coal exports and the increase in rail and shipping traffic associated with the export of coal on the health of people, animals (both domestic and wild), and marine life living along the shipping and railroad corridors from the Powder River Basin where the coal is mined to the proposed Millenium Terminal must be studied. Four or five diesel using locomotives are needed to pull each lengthy and heavy coal bearing train. The megatankers carrying the coal overseas will be using diesel. These trains and ships will emit diesel particulate matter. Diesel particulate matter causes cancer, asthma and other significant respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
In addition to emissions of diesel particulate matter, there will be losses of large amounts of coal dust from the trains, from the terminal where the coal is stored and throughout the process of on and off loading of the coal itself. Toxic heavy metals including arsenic, cadmium, barium, chromium, selenium, lead, mercury and copper leach from coal ash into water supplies. These heavy metals can cause many health problems, including cancers and neurological disease. Please include in the EIS a complete examination of to what extent these heavy metals might leach out from the coal and coal dust all along the shipping and railroad corridors into local water supplies and into the marine environment, and then an examination of the impact of any of the leached heavy metals on the safety of the water we drink and the food we eat that is grown and raised on the land and in the water along these corridors.
Second, I ask that the EIS recognize that the coal is being exported so that it can be burned and that the EIS therefore study the effect of coal combustion on the health of our planet and all its inhabitants. I understand that the burning of the Millenium Bulk Logistics Terminal exported coal in Asia would add some 81 million more tons of CO2 into the atmosphere annually. Coal combustion is associated with ocean acidification, acid rain, mercury emissions and climate change. One needs only to look at the devastating effects of Typhoon Haiyan to see that the warming of the atmosphere ad oceans is causing more extreme weather. These planet altering negative impacts of coal combustion must be studied as part of a programmatic EIS as the effects of a coal export terminal will transcend geographic borders.
I hope that you will include these impacts in your EIS.