Submission Number: MBTL-EIS-0001858 

Received: 10/31/2013 6:52:00 PM
Commenter: Ronald Hawk
State: Washington

Agency: Cowlitz County, the Washington Department of Ecology, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Initiative: Millennium Bulk-Terminals Longview EIS
Attachments: No Attachments
Submission Text Sent:Thursday, October 31, 2013 6:52 PM Subject:comment on Millennium bulk terminal proposal
To whom It May Conern: Permitting the export of coal through Washington State for burning in Asia is contrary to the State’s objective to reverse the increasing ocean acidification in Washington waters. This is because the single largest contributor to rising ocean acidification is the burning of coal which produces nearly one third of made made carbon dioxide gas emissions. The oceans absorb about 23% of this gas, which ends up as excess carbonic acid in seawater. As a result, the oceans are 30% more acidic than they were before man-made emissions, becoming lethal to a wide swath of sea life. Recently, researchers found in the southern depths of Hood Canal a very low pH of 7.4 which makes it some of the most corrosive acidic seawater on earth. Among commercially valuable shell fish, mollusks appear to be at the highest risk. In recent years, northwest oyster hatcheries have had massive mortalities and naturally reproducing oysters have failed to spawn. Mussels, clams and scallops exposed to carbon dioxide rich water have had trouble building shells or have grown more slowly. Increased acidification will also have direct effects on fish like salmon, Pollock or rockfish which have to expend more energy to compete for food as the species they normally eat, such as pteropods, start to struggle. The billion dollar Washington State fisheries industry is threatened by ocean acidification. To change the trajectory of the damage caused by ocean acidification, we must act quickly and decisively. One of the first things we can do is not support projects that will make the problem worse, like the export of millions of tons of coal through Washington State to Asia. I urge you to strongly consider the impact of burning this exported coal on Washington State marine life and related industries. Thank you Ronald Hawk PO Box 33207 Seattle, WA 98133