Submission Number: MBTL-EIS-0001455 

Received: 10/9/2013 3:28:00 PM
Commenter: Chris Dudley
State: Washington

Agency: Cowlitz County, the Washington Department of Ecology, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Initiative: Millennium Bulk-Terminals Longview EIS
Attachments: No Attachments
Submission Text
From:chris Dudley <> Sent:Wednesday, October 09, 2013 3:28 PM Subject:Longview Coal Facility EIS
RE: Longview Coal Facility EIS commentary
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Cowlitz County, State of Washington Department of Ecology,
Thank you for your time and consideration. Please use all relevant government publications on climate change, some listed below, in considering the environmental impact the Longview coal facility will have on the site, the immediate area, the region, and the biosphere our lives depend upon. Please do a complete, comprehensive review.
1.From ‘The Approved Summary for Policymakers of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 5th Assessment Report (AR5).’ (quotes from the report follow with questions. SPM_Approved27Sep2013.pdf
*“Natural and anthropogenic substances and processes that alter the Earth's energy budget are drivers of climate change.” -- How will the Longview coal facility alter the Earth’s energy budget and how will that be mitigated? *“The atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, and nitrous oxide have increased to levels unprecedented in at least the last 800,000 years. CO2 concentrations have increased by 40% since pre-industrial times, primarily from fossil fuel emissions and secondarily from net land use change emissions. The ocean has absorbed about 30% of the emitted anthropogenic carbon dioxide, causing ocean acidification” -- How will the Longview coal facility’s net land use change and also it’s business model damage the environment by increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations globally, thereby directly affecting the immediate facility as well as the entire globe, and how will that impact be mitigated? *Every bullet point in the AR5 should be addressed and mitigated before the coal facility is allowed to operate.
2. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (citations unavailable at the time of this writing due to government shutdown. *NOAA has previously outlined their predictions of sea level rise due to climate change. They also provide an interactive map that shows the area where the coal export facility will be built to be under water due to climate change caused sea level rise in the near future. -- How will the Longview coal facility be affected by sea level rise and how will it drive sea level rise as outlined by NOAA? *Ocean acidification and warming are predicted by NOAA to have very strong, damaging impacts for humanity, including increased storm strength, among others. -- How will the Longview coal facility be affected by increased ocean acidification it will be part of causing.
3. National Academies Report on Climate Change, 2010, U.S. Navy. *“These effects may lead to more severe or frequent droughts, floods, storms, and other events with negative consequences for food and water supplies.” -- How will the Longview coal facility mitigate more severe and frequent droughts, floods, storms, and other effects that are in part caused by it’s fostering the aerosolizing of CO2 into our atmosphere? *“the clearest implications (for the U.S. Navy) are for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR) missions (exacerbated by Climate Change), which may increase in frequency, thereby straining military transportation resources and the supporting force structures.” -- The authors of the report are on record as having said that the “number one security threat to the United States is Global Climate Change,” how will the negative national security impacts of the Longview coal facility, which will foster increased CO2 emissions and subsequently increase security threats, be mitigated?
4) National Academies Press, Climate and Social Stress: Implications for Security Analysis (2013). *One of the authors of the report is on record as having said during a radio interview, ‘we could not rule out human extinction as a result of climate change.’ -- How will the Longview coal facility’s knowable role in exacerbating the threat to all life on earth, as outlined by the National Academies Press, be mitigated? *Vector-borne diseases may shift ranges, increasing environmental risks. How will the Longview coal facility mitigate its role in increasing the prevalence of vector-borne diseases?
5) Please, also see extant reports from the National Aeronautical and Space Administration ( and address how to mitigate NASA’s warnings against further emissions of CO2 and other Green House Gasses. *“Scientists have high confidence that global temperatures will continue to rise for decades to come, largely due to greenhouse gasses produced by human activities.” -- How will the human activity at the Longview coal facility impact global temperature rises due, in part, to the Longview coal facility and its important role in the eventual burning of the coal that will travel through it? *“Decreasing snowpack in the western mountains.” -- How will the decrease in snowpack and water run-off impact the environment in and around the facility?
Please also offer mitigation for problems listed in a myriad of reports from the National Science Foundation (site closed due to Shutdown), the World Health Organization (, the United Nations (, The World Bank (, the FAO (, and, among many others, the MIT Climate Change site:
Sincerely, Christopher Dudley 505 803-3766 4440 Poplar Way Longview, WA 98632