Submission Number: MBTL-EIS-0000158 

Received: 8/18/2013 12:15:00 AM
Commenter: Katherine Novak
State: Washington

Agency: Cowlitz County, the Washington Department of Ecology, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Initiative: Millennium Bulk-Terminals Longview EIS
Attachments: No Attachments
Submission Text
From:Katrina Novakova <> Sent:Sunday, August 18, 2013 12:15 AM Subject:Regarding Longview Terminal Project

I am a registered nurse and resident of the city of Bellingham.

Due to the role of the Longview Terminal project in contributing to the success of a larger scheme to expand the extraction and transport of United States coal reserves to Asia in conjunction with the expansion of coal-fired power plants throughout Asia, it is essential that the impact of the terminal locally as well as regionally and globally is studied, and to do so in terms of cumulative impact from the mining, transport, cumulative shipping from the 5 proposed ports to the burning of the coal in overseas power plants and the impact on climate change. The potential adverse impacts from the construction and operation of the Longview itself cannot be considered in isolation from the four other proposed terminals throughout the region to serve the same purpose, from the adverse impacts of expanding mining operations in the Powder River Basin, from adverse impacts of expanding and increasing rail traffic throughout the West, from the adverse impacts related increased marine vessel traffic, and finally, from the cumulative impact of on worsening climate change.

Please consider the potential adverse human health impacts of Longview Terminal including the Powder River region where the coal is mined, the rail and marine transportation corridor. Please study the direct impacts of coal dust on human health by studying the effects of coal dust on the air, soil and water quality during coal extraction, storage, transport, and the loading and unloading process. Please study the impact of mercury contamination from coal dust and the effects of mercury-contaminated water as it relates to Washington state drinking water supply, local marine food sources, the terrestrial environment immediately surrounding the Longview coal storage site. Please specifically study the direct impact of coal dust contamination at the Longview site on the marine environment

As the Columbia River is well-known for it's substantial and persistent winds, please consider the effects of wind events to determine the potential range of contamination and use historical wind events when determining the range. Please study the effects of mercury contamination from coal dust on the health of the soil and the indirect impact on human health for those living along the entire transport corridor from the mining source to the destination Longview. Please study cumulative impact on the air quality locally (immediate and delayed from blowback from China) and global with contribution to climate change.

Please also study the adverse impacts related to water used to spray down the coal trains and coal piles. Where will this water come from and what is the plan for sequestration? How will this impact the surrounding terrestrial environment? How will this contaminated water effect bird and mammals in the immediate area. I am a birder and the health of bird populations, both resident and migratory, are essential to my sense of place here in Whatcom County.

Please consider the impact on commercial and sport fisheries including salmon and herring fishing. Please consider the potential adverse impacts on endangered salmon runs on the Columbia. Please determine the potential numbers of jobs that will be lost related to decreased populations of commercial fish. Please consider the cumulative impact of decreased recreational and commercial fishing opportunities as well as decreased whale-watching and cruising tourism in determining the potential cost in lost jobs by construction and operation of the Longview terminal. Please study the potential adverse marine impacts that may result from a vessel collision or accident. Please consider the adverse impact of the recent Cape Apricot accident at the Vancouver Westshore Terminal that occurred December 7, 2012. Please study the potential adverse impact of a vessel collision with pilings made of modern materials versus the aged wooden pilings the Cape Apricot struck.

Please consider a change in coal market conditions including the proposed royalty tax legislation recently introduced by Senator Murkowski and Senator Wyden and the impact this may have on the proposed Longview port project. Please consider the SSA marine terminal in Los Angeles as an example of a terminal that was not successful due to market conditions and study the potential cost of taxpayers should the volatile coal market prove unfavorable after the Longview port has been built. Climate Change and the known adverse direct, indirect and cumulative impact of increasing coal-fired power plant operation oversees are concerning to me for the health of the present and future generations of all life on earth.

In the Seattle times today, Tuesday January 15, 2013, there is an article entitled "'Beyond index' smog angers Chinese, media" which describes four straight days of hazardous air quality in China. The article cites the U.S. Embassy's air monitor showing the air quality reading 755 on the index, which is over 50% higher than what is considered "hazardous." The article attributes this due to combination of the winter weather pattern and pollution. Please consider this potential indirect impact of the GPT in the context of its role in worsening the air quality of people in Asia and ultimately in worsening the air quality of the United States including Whatcom County. Please study the potential PM2.5 particulate levels and the potential indirect impact on the health of residents of Whatcom County, United States and the world. The Bellingham Herald in their January 12, 2013 article entitled "Air pollution in Beijing goes off the index" directly cites coal power as a contributing factor.

Please consider the potential cumulative impacts on air pollution and overall climate change by studying the proposed Longview and other terminals in terms of total coal shipped to Asia for coal-fired power plants and resulting greenhouse gas emissions and PM2.5 particles released.

Please study the impact of the Longview terminal on the achievement of Washington State's goal to reduce greenhouse emissions to 1990 levels by January 1, 2020. By January 1, 2020, reduce GHG emissions to 1990 levels. Please consider that only 20 percent of the reserves of the top 100 coal and top 100 oil and gas companies could be burned while keeping the global temperature rise under the internationally agreed limit of 2 degrees C. As the construction of the coal ports, including Longview, are integral to Asia obtaining United States coal, please consider the adverse impact of construction and operation of the Longview Terminal on climate change.

Sincerely, Katherine Novak 2000 Harris Avenue Bellingham, WA 98225