Submission Number: MBTL-EIS-0000155
Received: 9/7/2013 7:18:00 PM
Commenter: Judith A. Butler
Agency: Cowlitz County, the Washington Department of Ecology, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Initiative: Millennium Bulk-Terminals Longview EIS
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From:Judy Butler <email@example.com> Sent:Thursday, September 05, 2013 7:18 PM To:firstname.lastname@example.org Subject:Millennium Bulk Terminals - Longview, LLC (MBTL) Attachments:Coal train Sept 2013.JPG; Coal train (cont) Sept 2013.JPG
August 24, 2013 Department of Ecology
I urge you to require the EIS for the proposed coal export terminal at Longview to address the greenhouse gas emissions from the end-use of coal, the predominate commodity to be shipped from the facility, as well as the transport of the coal.
End-use of coal: The climate crisis is beyond debate: extreme weather, disappearing glaciers, ocean acidification and wildfires are good evidence. 97% of scientists agree climate warming is likely caused by human activity. Burning fossil fuels, especially coal, results in a higher Carbon Dioxide concentration. I would urge you to look at the information on the status of earth at the NASA website. http://climate.nasa.gov/key_indicators#co2 It is alarming to see the dramatic increase in carbon dioxide concentration that has occurred in the last ten years. The satellite date made public by NASA should be required reading for every participant in this review process.
On May 9, 2013, scientists at the Mauna Loa observatory recorded an average daily C02 concentration above 400 parts per million. 350 ppm is the highest safe level. The location of this recording in Hawaii made the reading even more significant to me since the pollutants traveled across the ocean from Asia to Hawaii. The next stop is the Pacific Coast. We are all downwind from the proposed coal emissions.
Michael R. Bloomberg calls coal, "a self-inflicted public health risk, polluting the air we breathe, adding mercury to our water, and the leading cause of climate disruption." It is time to take definitive action to save life as we know it. It is crucial to consider the effects of coal emissions before issuing a permit for the export terminal, especially exports to countries without regulation of pollutants.
Transport of coal The transport of the coal also bears some risk. There is the chance of spills, pollution and the danger and inconvenience at crossings. There is also the potential water degradation. The proposed route for transport includes about 30 miles of shoreline directly adjacent to Lake Pend Oreille. (See photo on Pend Oreille) Each train goes over the lake at the Pack River Delta and again across the mile-plus-long bridge at Sandpoint. Lake Pend Oreille is connected to the sole source Spokane Valley Rathdrum Prairie Aquifer which provides drinking water to parts of Northern Idaho and Eastern Washington, including Spokane. Can you assure us that the high volume coal-train traffic will not be a danger to our water quality?
The climate crisis will be exacerbated by the increase in coal exports, The few jobs created by the transport of coal through Washington are greatly overshadowed by the huge risks to health and to life as we know it.
Judith A. Butler 140 Monarch View Lane Hope ID 83836 208 264-5224