Submission Number: MBTL-EIS-0000013
Received: 9/4/2013 11:33:21 AM
Commenter: Haifa Iversen
Agency: Cowlitz County, the Washington Department of Ecology, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Initiative: Millennium Bulk-Terminals Longview EIS
Attachments: No Attachments
Hello my name is Haifa Iversen. I speak to you as a high school biology teacher. I am a former Assistant Project Manager in the habitat conservation division of the California Department of Fish and Game where I worked on large ROW projects ensuring compliance with CEQA and the NEPA.
I will refer to, The Full Cost Accounting For the Life Cycle of Coal, (Epstein et al). “Each stage in the life cycle of coal—extraction, transport, processing, and combustion—generates a waste stream and carries multiple hazards for health and the environment. These costs are external to the coal industry and are thus often considered “externalities.” We estimate that the life cycle effects of coal and the waste stream generated are costing the U.S. public a third to over one-half of a trillion dollars annually. Many of these so-called externalities are, moreover, cumulative. Accounting for the damages conservatively doubles to triples the price of electricity from coal per kWh generated. The monetizable impacts found are damages due to nitrous oxide, sulfer dioxide, and mercury emissions, fatalities of members of public due to rail accidents during coal transport, the public health burden in Appalachia associated with the coal mining, and government subsidies, and lost value of abandoned land mines.”
In 2005, coal accounted for 40% of electricity worldwide and 41% of CO2 emissions
In 2005, coal accounted for 50% of electricity in the United States and 81% of US CO2 emissions.
These figures do not include emissions from
coal mining= methane
carbon and nitrous oxide emissions from mountain top removal
coal mining and combustion (nitrous oxide, sulfer dioxide and mercury)
coal crushing, processing, and washing
I request a comprehensive study on the following:
1. Methane emissions from coal mining in The Powder River Basin and its effects on each state along the proposed route.
2. Impact of train generated diesel exhaust and its impact on cancer rates along potential train routes
3. Coal plants are the largest source of sulfur dioxide and mercury emissions and the second largest source of nitrous oxide. These pollutants combine to form ozone and particulate matter pollution. Coal combustion results in emissions of nitrous oxide, sulfer dioxide, and mercury. Please measure the impact of these emissions and particulates on water, ocean acidification, public health, ecological systems, and air quality.
These are significant impacts to our state, our country and the world. There are too many hidden costs to coal that will significantly impact our health, food, economy, and the environment. This is not simply the environment vs jobs. Permitting The Gateway Pacific Terminal is a national and global issue that cannot be mitigated for. I ask that you take the no action alternative do not approve the Millennium Bulk Terminals-Longview, LLC (MBTL).